Acne is a disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin and affects over 80% of adolescents and many adults. During puberty and stress, and due to hormonal influences, our bodies produce large amounts of an oily substance called sebum. Sebum, when combined with excess skin debris, sticks together in our pores, causing the pore to become clogged. Without effective treatment, these clogged pores can become red, infected, swollen, and form unsightly pimples that can lead to scarring. It can occur on the face, chest, and back. There are many effective treatments for acne in children, teens and adults.
Autoimmune conditions result from the immune system fighting against its own body systems, leading to damage of the skin and other tissues. Conditions resulting from autoimmune disorders affect the skin and internal organs. Skin diseases range from simple itching and irritation to serious and life threatening conditions.
Fungal Nail Infections
60-80% of nail infections are caused by fungus. Fungus infection of the nail can cause thickened or discolored nails. It is not a highly contagious condition and often is associated with fungal infection of nearby skin. There are a variety of effective treatments. Most treatments often require several months of therapy.
Fungal Skin Infections
Fungal skin infections, other wise known as "ring worm", are common on the scalp, groin and feet. They are caused by an overgrowth of different types of fungus or yeast; Common symptoms include burning, itching and redness. Treatment is often successful with creams and gels. Oral treatments and maintained treatment is sometimes necessary to clear the infection.
Hair loss can affect just your scalp or your entire body. It can be the result of heredity, certain medications or an underlying medical condition. Anyone — men, women and children — can experience hair loss. Treatments can vary depending on the cause of hair loss. Early treatments are often beneficial and may result in hair growth depending on the underlying cause.
Considered a severe form of acne, hidradenitis suppurativa is chronic skin inflammation that usually occurs in skin folds such as under breasts, and/or armpits. It is characterized by a combination of painful bumps or cysts that break open, drain and scar. Hidradenitis suppurativa can be treated with a combination of topical and oral therapies as well as incision and drainage, laser treatments, and surgery.
Moles are small, pigmented spots on the skin. They are composed of clusters of pigmented cells called melanocytes. Moles can vary in size, shape and color. They can be flesh-colored, yellow-brown, or black. They can be texturally flat or smooth, hairy or warty. Although moles are usually harmless, in some cases they can become cancerous, causing a potentially deadly tumor called malignant melanoma. Everyone should have regular skin exams to screen for atypical moles.
Mouth Lesions / Oral Mucosa
Mouth sores can develop inside or outside of the mouth. They may develop on the inner cheeks, gums, lips, tongue, or the roof of the mouth. They may develop on the outer lips or skin surrounding the lips. Sores on the lips and mouth are common and can be harmless or serious health problems. Persistent mouth sores should be examined and diagnosed by an expert, because cancer of the mouth is common, particularly in older patients.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that leads to the over-production of skin cells in a short span of time. It is a persistent skin disorder in which there are red, thickened areas with silvery scales, most often on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Some cases of psoriasis are so mild that people don't know they have it. Severe psoriasis may cover large areas of the body. Psoriasis may be associated with arthritis. It is often inherited. Our treatments include phototherapy, topical and systemic therapy, and biologic agents.
A rash is a change to the color, appearance, or texture of the skin. A rash can cause itching, burning, pain or have no symptoms at all. Rashes can have many causes including infection, allergic reactions, medications, genetics or autoimmune causes. Rashes can be diagnosed based on the appearance or location. Sometimes a skin biopsy is necessary to aid in the diagnosis. If a rash is suspected to be an allergic reaction to something we touched or applied to our skin, patch testing can be used to find the cause. Rashes caused by medications require special recognition of the common rashes a certain medication can cause. Timing is also important, but this is not always clear-cut. Treatment can involve creams, ointments, pills or phototherapy but making a correct diagnosis is most critical to guide treatment and cure.
Rosacea occurs when tiny blood vessels that are at the surface of the skin become enlarged and cause blotchy redness over the area. This redness is usually seen most over the cheeks and forehead. It is often associated with acne-like eruptions that resemble pimples, but without the whiteheads and blackheads that we normally associate with teenage acne. There is no cure, but with treatment, most people can control their symptoms and keep the disease from getting worse.
Scars and Keloids
Scars form during the healing process of the skin after its injury. A scar is sometimes thickened and confined to the wound margins. A keloid scar is a scar that becomes thickened and may extend beyond the initial wound margins. Keloids are formed mainly after the initial injury. They can also appear spontaneously as a result of inflammation from acne pimple, burns, or skin piercing. Treatment for keloid scars can include topical medications, injections, and occasionally surgery or lasers.
Factors such as diet, lifestyle, heredity, and other personal habits cause the aging of skin. Common skin conditions in the elderly are wrinkles, facial movement lines, dry itchy skin, skin cancer, age spots, and bed sores. One culprit of skin damage is UV light which breaks down elastic tissue in the skin.
Allergic contact dermatitis is an extremely itchy rash that develops when someone comes into contact with a substance to which he or she is allergic. Allergy to sunlight is also possible and can be caused by medications, immune disease or genetics.
Skin tags are common skin growths that usually occur on the eyelids and neck, but may also be located in less visible places such as the armpits, groin fold, and under the breasts. If bothersome, they can be easily removed.
Sweating is common in healthy individuals, but excessive sweating can lead to discomfort and embarrassment. It can disrupt all aspects of a person's life, from career choices and recreational activities to relationships, emotional well-being, and self-image. Excessive sweating presents under the soles of feet, palms, and underarms. There are effective treatments to reduce excessive sweating including prescription antiperspirants, oral medications, Botox injections, surgery and home units called iontophoresis.
Vitiligo is a condition of the skin that causes loss of color. The immune system is involved in destroying or slowing down skin color making cells called melanocytes. This causes white or colorless spots to commonly appear on the face, hands or limbs. Heredity and infections appear to also play a role. Treatment involves certain creams and ointments, pills, laser and light therapy. Surgery or skin color cell transplant is also a possible treatment.